A bit random and off-topic today, but it tracks with a conversation I’ve been having with a friend. Here goes …
There’s one story from the gospels I always have trouble with. It’s where Jesus lets Mary, the sister of Lazarus, wash his feet with expensive perfume. Judas Iscariot objects. “Why wasn’t this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a year’s wages.” One gospel writer, John, quickly adds: ‘He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it.”
Jesus tells him to leave Mary alone. “It was intended that she should save this perfume for the day of my burial. You will always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me.”
And Mark quotes Jesus as saying: “Leave her alone. Why are you bothering her? She has done a beautiful thing to me. The poor you will always have with you, and you can help them any time you want. But you will not always have me. She did what she could. She poured perfume on my body beforehand to prepare for my burial. I tell you the truth, wherever the gospel is preached throughout the world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her.”
Judas may have had ulterior motives for his comment, but I can imagine the rest of the disciples present to have similar thoughts, from pure hearts: “That’s a lot of money being poured out. Isn’t there something better we could be doing with it?”
I have a hard time with extravagance – spending more than is absolutely necessary. That is a nice way of saying I am cheap. Jesus’ words about extravagance in worship are conflicting for me. History is littered with examples of the church rubbing its opulence in the faces of the peasants – often by building lavish cathedrals while people starved. I can point to any number of contemporary churches who have built themselves grand edifices, while on the inside they rot from spiritual indifference to a needy community.
Yet, beautiful surroundings can be a powerful part of worship. If the places where we gather for corporate worship are beautifully and thoughtfully designed, they can help us draw close to God. Solomon’s Temple was extravagant, and the blueprints came directly from God. The universe itself is extravagant. Why all that vast, empty space, if not to emphasize the awesomeness of its Creator?
On the other hand, an ugly, uninviting building not only can impede worship, it also can send a terrible message to its community. In a 2009 Christianity Today article, architect Gary Wang explored the issue of church design – in particular, how 20th-century modernism influenced the building of drab churches. In the modernist view, form follows function. Simplicity is king and ornamental flourishes are wasteful. Some modern architecture is stunning. Think: Frank Lloyd Wright. Most is dreary. Think: Corporate America. Faceless office building after faceless office building. Cubicles.
“If churches then had seen what they had in common with modernism,” Wang wrote, “they could have allied their sense of responsibility with cutting-edge design. Instead, churches, which were the architectural focal points of early American settlements, left the conversation of progressive architecture (emphasis mine). But in the past few years, missions-minded Protestant churches have begun to rediscover architecture.”
Wang goes on to profile several new church buildings where architecture moves front and center. Each element not only carries aesthetic appeal, but spiritual significance. Turns out, looking like a church, not a multipurpose center or a mall, isn’t such a bad thing in a culture looking for community.
So many protestant churches built in the past half-century are just dressed-up sheds. Boxy, pre-fabricated steel construction. No frills. It’s like worshiping God in a warehouse. They look cheap, slapped together and altogether uninviting: multipurpose pole barns with crosses stuck on the side and a cheesy sign out front. Others are huge, featureless concrete or brick buildings. If not for the sign out front, they could be mistaken for a shopping mall, a YMCA, even a prison. Great things may be going on inside, but for a passerby desperately seeking community in his life, these churches look like … well, like impenetrable fortresses.
The attractional model of church holds that, basically, if you build it, they will come. I don’t buy that. Not any more. The missional model gets closer to New Testament Christianity, I think: Go to them; don’t wait for them to come to you.I’ve visited two churches that took my breath away. One was St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City. Built during and after the Civil War at Fifth and Madison avenues, today it’s a neo-gothic jewel, surrounded and dwarfed by Midtown Manhattan skyscrapers. Almost everything about the cathedral is lavishly ornate, from its towering spires to its massive wooden doors to the hundreds of narrow gothic arches that form the sanctuary.
Through my evangelical lens, I thought I’d feel the cathedral was overly extravagant, more about “look at us” than “look at God.” And I suppose there was a bit of that. But as I walked through those doors, my mind immediately refocused from the noise and bustle of Manhattan to hushed reverence toward the majesty of God. I was surrounded by people of assorted races and nationalities, there to worship God in a cathedral setting similar to what Europeans experienced for centuries. Our traditions may have varied, but the intention was the same and God’s spirit was clearly present.The second place was the Chapel of Transfiguration in Grand Teton National Park. Now, one could rightly say that stepping inside any building while in the Grand Tetons is the quickest way to block the view of God all around you. Here, that’s not the case. The one-room, log-cabin Episcopal chapel is dimly lit and rustic. The pews are made of split logs. At the altar, behind a simple, wooden cross, is a picture window looking out at the spectacular Teton range. The chapel’s designers understood their simple mission: Don’t put any man-made construct in the way of God’s incredible creation.
Those two churches stand at opposite ends of the worship spectrum, but at least for me, both were incredibly effective at pointing to God in their unique environments. Why? They understood their mission and their community. Church buildings are supposed to be about creating an atmosphere that welcomes people and helps them tune in to God. That doesn’t mean going cheap, nor does it necessarily mean going extravagant. It means creating something that connects with your particular community in a way that honors and glorifies God.
Beauty is most definitely a part of that equation. It isn’t the only part, nor is it the most important … and there can lie the downside. Both of the churches I just mentioned are known better as tourist attractions than as places or worship. The great cathedrals of Europe are tourist attractions today, too – and little more. Their beauty stops at the ceiling, because their mission has vanished.
In the gospels, I think Jesus was complimenting Mary not for the monetary value of the perfume, but the spirit in which she used it: all-out worship and service to God. Where Judas – and I – got hung up on the price tag, Jesus looked at Mary’s heart. The same goes for church buildings today. If they honor and glorify God in a way that is evident to more than just the people inside, then that, too, is a beautiful thing.